The direct epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor lasers on standard, CMOS-compatible, on-axis (001) Si substrates is actively sought for the realization of active photonic integrated circuits. Here we report on the first mid-infrared semiconductor laser epitaxially grown on on-axis Si substrates, i.e., compatible with industry standards. Furthermore, these GaSb-based laser diodes demonstrate low threshold current density, low optical losses, high temperature operation, and high characteristic temperatures. These results represent a breakthrough toward the integration of semiconductor laser sources on Si for smart sensors.
Mid-infrared laser diodes epitaxially grown on on-axis (001) silicon