EEMS

Electrical Engineering, Materials and Systems

RESEARCH TOPICS:

The GEMS team’s research is situated in the context of the major economic and social challenges associated with the energy transition. They aim to strengthen the electrical vector, both in the deployment of renewable energies and their high-voltage transport, and in the revolution of industrial miniaturization aimed at contributing to the development of tomorrow’s electrical power systems. They also aim to provide new tools for the understanding of fundamental physical phenomena in order to eliminate scientific barriers. The work of the team is related to materials, components and systems for electrical energy, with two application areas which are electrical mobility, land, water and air, and large electrical networks. They are declined in two sub-themes
Les structures et les matériaux isolants soumis à de fortes contraintes

Structures and insulating materials subject to high stress:

The destruction or decrease in performance of insulating layers is very often the cause of failures observed in components and systems. Insulating materials thus play an essential role in the reliability of electrical and electronic applications where the financial stakes or in terms of human safety are decisive, but also in large-scale distributed applications. The GEMS team is interested in understanding, in the short and long term, the dielectric phenomena that develop in materials under the effect of thermal, electrical and environmental constraints. Their study and analysis allow to increase the reliability through a choice of material and an adapted design of the component, the modeling of its aging and/or the development of new materials. The targeted applications are energy transport, embedded systems (aeronautics, automobile, space), high performance equipment, sensors and any application integrating insulating layers subjected to strong electrical and thermal constraints. The study and the understanding of the phenomena aiming at the development of materials with high dielectric performances constitute the main objectives. The solutions developed by the GEMS team by S. Agnel, J. Castellon, J-C. Laurentie and P. Notingher are based on approaches that closely link experimental and modeling approaches, using original methods that can be directly adapted to components and implemented on site. These are in particular the so-called “thermal stimulus” techniques, which the team is developing and for which it enjoys a strong international recognition. The current dynamics is linked to the future high voltage energy networks, necessary to transport high power over long distances (“super-grids”) and whose main limiting factors are the materials for cables and equipment. Research also concerns bio-based and nanostructured materials for electrical engineering applications, as well as insulators used in electronic components. Thanks to its strong links with specialists in materials engineering, the team covers a wide range of aspects related to the development and aging of insulators. It has important means of dielectric studies, some of them without equivalent at the French and world level.
Les structures et les matériaux isolants soumis à de fortes contraintes

Embedded energy systems and converter architectures:

These researches are situated in a context of massive introduction of electrical systems in transportation. Most of the studies concern the reliability of power electronics components and systems and the development of static and electromechanical converter architectures. In the context of power integration, GEM is working on the synthesis of new power converter architectures, whose intrinsic performance can be maximally exploited if these systems are integrated. They are based on the “parallel” association of a large number of identical cells, interconnected by an original magnetic coupling device associated with a particular control law (2 patents are issued from these techniques). If the application to integrated converters is a privileged way to exploit these principles, many applications to more classical technologies are also very promising. Recent works of the team have allowed the realization of demonstrators with performances far above the state of the art, and corresponding to the specifications of embedded aeronautical networks or land vehicles :
  • Isolated converter 28V-600V-12kW using SiC MOSFET chips, with 8 phases architecture according to Patent CNRS-INPT-UM WO 2007/006902 A2 (2016, thesis of J. Brunello)
  • Three non-isolated 28V-300V-10kW converters with 6-phase magnetic coupler according to Patent CNRS-INPT-UM WO 2007/006902 A2 (2015, Liebherr Aerospace Contract)
  • Electric vehicle induction charging system 22kW (2017, thesis of A. Hammoud – IES Synergy Contract)
In the context of the worldwide project “more electric aircraft”, aiming to replace a maximum of fluid pressure devices by electric devices, the team has also developed a strong partnership with the SAFRAN group on the design of innovative actuators and generators, reliable and with high specific performances. The work is currently focused on the characterization of very high frequency machines (up to 2 kHz) in order to achieve mass powers of the order of 10 kW/kg.

Equipement spécifique

Compétences

PARTNERS

Projets de recherche

CEMAS
2022-2025

CEMAS

Continuous Environmental Monitoring At Sea

Partenaires :

Financé par :

Halt O’Plast
2022-2027

Halt O’Plast

Développement d'une technique de captation de microplastiques en milieu aqueux basée sur un couplage électrostatique/micro-fluidique

Financé par :

Membres du GEMS

Responsable :

Daniel Matt

Full Professor - UM

Serge Agnel

Full Professor - UM

Abdelaaziz Benoudina

PhD student

Youen Boennec

PhD student

Kevin Borowy

Student trainee

Jérôme Castellon

Associate Professor - UM

Jaafar Elwati

PhD student

Philippe Enrici

Assistant Professor - UM

Olivier Guille

Studies Engineer - UM

Carole Henaux

Full Professor - UM

Jean-jacques Huselstein

Assistant Professor - UM

Jean-charles Laurentie

Assistant Professor - UM

Thierry Martire

Assistant Professor - UM

Bastien Neveux

PhD student

Petru Notingher

Deputy Director, Full Professor - UM